Polymyalgia rheumatic is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders. Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica (pol-e-my-al-juh rue-mat-ih-kuh) are often more than 65. People who develop polymyalgia rheumatica are less than 65. It rarely affects people under 50.This condition is related to another inflammatory called giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis can be a pain and scalp tenderness. It’s possible to have both conditions together.


  • Acne or symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Neckline, hips or thighs
  • Stiffness in affected areas, particularly in the morning or after being inactive for a time
  • Limited range of motion in affected areas
  • Pain or stiffness in your wrists, elbows or knees
  • You might also have more signs, including:
  • Mild fever
  • Fatigue
  • A general feeling of not being (malaise)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Depression

When should you go to the doctor?

  • If you have any disrupts your sleep
  • Limits your ability to do your usual activities, such as getting dressed


The exact cause of polymyalgia rheumatica is unknown. Two factors appear to be involved in this condition:

Genetics. Certain genes and gene variations would increase your susceptibility.

An environmental exposure. In cases of polymyalgia rheumatica tend to come in cycles, possibly developing seasonally. This suggests that an environmental trigger, such as a virus, might play a role. But no specific virus has been shown to cause polymyalgia rheumatica.

Giant cell arteritis

Polymyalgia rheumatica and arteritis share many similarities. Many people have these diseases.

Giant cell arteritis results in the lining of the arteries, most often the arteries in the temples. Signs and symptoms include headaches, jaw pain, vision problems and scalp tenderness. If left untreated, this condition can lead to stroke or blindness.

Risk factors

Risk factors for polymyalgia rheumatica include:

Age. Polymyalgia rheumatica older adults almost exclusively. It most often occurs between ages 70 and 80.

Sex. Women are more likely to develop their disorder.

Race. Polymyalgia rheumatica most common among white people who were from Scandinavia or northern Europe.


You can perform everyday activities such as:

  • Getting out of bed
  • Combing your hair or bathing
  • Getting dressed
  • Social interactions, physical activity, sleep and general well-being.

In addition, it is possible to develop peripheral arterial disease, although it is usually mild and responds well to treatment.